Ever since Affirmed won the Triple Crown in 1978, racing fans have wondered when the next 3-year-old would repeat the feat. The latest colt prompting such speculation was Uncle Mo, who has since gone to the sidelines.
But when Animal Kingdom rolled to an emphatic victory in Saturday's Kentucky Derby, he reignited the Triple Crown talk. Better still, the Team Valor International homebred has the profile to get the job done.
The Triple Crown has been exceptionally difficult to win, with only 11 horses having done so, the first time Sir Barton in 1919. Some of the sport's most outstanding champions have come up short, confounded by a plethora of pitfalls — bad luck, injuries, lack of stamina, or just the physical grind itself of three races in five weeks.
A colt must talented, consistent and adaptable to three different racetracks, as well as being durable enough to remain at a peak level of performance through the most demanding five weeks of his life.
Considering the rigors of the Triple Crown, Animal Kingdom enters with the significant advantage of being a lightly-raced colt who went into the Derby fresh.
The Graham Motion trainee had not raced since winning the Spiral Stakes at Turfway Park on March 26, making him the first to win the Derby off a six-week layoff since Needles in 1956.
In an even more historic coup, Animal Kingdom is the first since Exterminator in 1918 to win the Roses in only his fifth start. In the last 93 years, the only Derby winner with less previous experience was Big Brown, who won in his fourth race. Except for chronic quarter-cracks, which prompted jockey Ken Desormeaux to pull up Big Brown in the homestretch in the Belmont on June 11, 2008, he certainly would have won the Triple Crown.
Barry Irwin, the impresario of Team Valor International, then began mapping out a strategy to get his homebred to the classic races. The first item on the agenda was a leisurely winter vacation for the colt, a holiday before getting down to the serious work that lay ahead.
Subsequently transferred to Motion, Animal Kingdom often worked in company with a much more accomplished stablemate, the Breeders' Cup Juvenile Turf hero Pluck, and matched strides with him. Pluck was at that time under consideration for an Irish or French classic, until he developed an injury, so he was quite a sparring partner.
Animal Kingdom's race record points to another key factor supporting his Triple Crown ambitions — his stamina. Unbeaten at 1 1/8 miles and beyond, his two losses were at shorter distances, with troubled trips to boot.
Sired by champion turf horse Leroidesanimaux, an especially brilliant miler, Animal Kingdom inherits his bottomless stamina from his dam, the German-bred Dalicia, who defeated high-class males in her homeland. Dalicia is by the great German champion Acatenango, the winner of seven Group 1 races (the highest class level) at 1 1/2 miles, and an outstanding stamina influence at stud. German bloodlines are generally known for their toughness and soundness, indispensable prerequisites for the Triple Crown.
Little seasoning but mental toughness
First, Animal Kingdom is special for winning the Derby without much seasoning. Even allowing for the changing methods of training, and emphasis toward fewer races, a horse still needs mental maturity and professionalism to cope with the unique hurly-burly of the Derby.
And Animal Kingdom accomplished this in his first try on dirt after racing on turf and Polytrack, thus becoming the first horse to win the Derby in his dirt debut. He appears remarkably indifferent to whatever surface he encounters — another mark of quality.
Johnny Velazquez did just that in the Derby, so he didn't fall too far behind the ridiculously slow pace. That ability to make a slight tactical adjustment, as need be, is critical for success in the Triple Crown, where the tempo can vary considerably. The Preakness figures to have a faster pace, the Belmont will probably be a crawl, so Animal Kingdom will have to find his rhythm in the right place for him.
Nehro could be tough challenge at Preakness
As far as his opponents are concerned, we need only recall the past few months of an especially rocky road to the Derby. With several prime contenders derailed by injury, a cavalcade of upsets in the prep races, and finally Uncle Mo's withdrawal because of illness, the 3-year-old division was in total flux by the first Saturday in May.
With a wide-open Derby, an upwardly-mobile colt had the opportunity to advance his claims. Animal Kingdom seized the opportunity in style, rallying powerfully to win with authority.
Beaten Derby favorite Dialed In likewise ran a sneakily good race. After falling much too far back off the dawdling pace in last, he finished his final quarter-mile even faster than Animal Kingdom to finish eighth. With a more favorable pace scenario next time, Dialed In can have a better chance to join the fray.
Still, Animal Kingdom succeeded where they failed, and the onus is on them to turn the tables. New shooters, horses who didn't make it to the Derby, are already lining up to take their chances, but they've got even more to prove. At the moment, Animal Kingdom is wielding legitimate credentials to sweep the Triple Crown.
Kentucky Derby champion Animal Kingdom was unable to go out a winner, fading quickly in the Queen Anne Stakes on Tuesday in his last race before retirement.
Ramon Dominguez, a three-time Eclipse Award winner as the leading jockey in North America, retired on Thursday due to a head injury suffered in a fall earlier this year.
If some Kentucky Derby fans lack horse sense, they make up for it with fashion sense as men and women show off their finery at Churchill Downs.
Triple Crown winners
The horses that have won the Kentucky Derby, Preakness and Belmont in the same year.
Derby Day finery
Fashion statements fill Churchill Downs as race fans display their hats.